According to Sir James Bevan, chief executive of England's Environment Agency, the nation could run out of water by 2045 if the government fails to take action. Current consumption levels and infrastructure will cause England to experience shortages of water as a result of climate change.
“Around 25 years from now, where those [demand and supply] lines cross is known by some as the ‘jaws of death’—the point at which we will not have enough water to supply our needs, unless we take action to change things,” Bevan told the Guardian.
Appointed to his role as head of the agency in 2015, Bevan said that population growth and faulty infrastructure like pipe leakage were the main contributing factors. “We need water wastage to be as socially unacceptable as blowing smoke in the face of a baby or throwing your plastic bags into the sea,” he said. He recommended individuals use 33 percent less water and cut leaks from water pipes by 50 percent. Bevan suggested that officials consider more water metering and building "mega-reservoirs," the latter of which is likely to be met with local opposition.
Over 25% of England's groundwater sources and 18% of surface water supplies were "extracted beyond a sustainable level in 2017," NBC News reported.