Elon Musk Explains How "It’s Possible" to Build a Mars City by 2050

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Musk hopes to start building out a city on Mars beginning in 2023.

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk is working on sending humans to Mars in the Starship. This could happen within the next 30 years, according to Inverse.

“It’s possible to make a self-sustaining city on Mars by 2050, if we start in 5 years & take 10 orbital synchronizations,” Musk said on Twitter.

The Starship is designed to send up to 100 people into space at a time. It has a Raptor engine which uses liquid oxygen and methane.

The orbital synchronizations that Musk referred to in his tweet is the point where Earth and Mars are most closely aligned. This occurs once every 26 months. This would be the best time for a launch because the distance between the two plants is lessened to 33.9 million miles. The orbital synchronizations have dictated NASA’s launches for almost 20 years.

Musk hopes to take advantage of the synchronizations in 2022 and 2024.

Musk said that he realizes his plan is a long shot. Since then Musk has announced his plan to send six to eight artists and Japanese billionaire Yukazu Maezawa on a trip around the moon in 2023.

Comments by Musk suggest that this could be Starship’s first mission, which would make a launch in 2022 unlikely.

If Musk’s ideas go as planned, each orbital synchronization would build out the base more, to gradually add amenities like a recycling system and surface mobility.

Paul Wooster, the principal Mars development engineer for SpaceX said in 2018 that “the idea would be to expand out, start off not just with an outpost, but grow into a larger base, not just like there are in Antarctica, but really a village, a town, growing into a city, and then multiple cities on Mars.”

Musk says there’s a 70 percent chance that he will go to Mars himself.

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