While China has led the global charge in adopting electric-powered buses, the rest of the world, including the U.S., has lagged behind exponentially, Bloomberg reports.
425,000 e-buses were running by the end of 2018, marking a 32 percent growth in last year alone, and 421,000 of these electronic vehicles were in China. Meanwhile, the European Union had 2,250, and the U.S. limped behind with only 300.
By 2025, the U.S. is expected to have roughly 5,000, and China will continue to dominate with 600,000 e-buses.
There’s no industrial policy in the U.S. for e-buses,” said New York-based analyst Nick Albanese, who works for BloombergNEF. “So unless the U.S. manages to become a big exporter of e-buses, China will continue to stand apart.”
China’s top-down approach has proven successful for the manufacturing and use of electronic buses. Through national mandates, subsidies, and policy competition among cities, the Chinese government has been able to lead the charge. While Democratic presidential candidate Jay Inslee has announced an effort to stop the production of non-environmentally friendly buses by 2030, the federal government has yet to adopt policy tools that resemble the successful ones of China.
The California state government, however, plans to enact a requirement that stipulates all new buses be zero-emission in 10 years.