Over the past two weeks, both the Nevada and Maine Senates passed the National Popular Vote compact to forfeit their electoral votes in favor of the popular vote in a 12-8 and 19-16 vote, respectively.
States that join the National Popular Vote compact will only forfeit their electoral votes if its members’ total electoral votes equal or exceed 270, enough to create a majority of the 538 total electoral votes.
In Maine, the proposal now moves to the House, where it is expected to pass. Nevada lawmakers moved the legislation to the desk of Governor Steve Sisolak, a Democrat, who has not hinted at his intentions to either sign or veto the bill.
Proponents of the National Popular Vote argue that the electoral college gives presidential candidates little incentive to campaign in small states, focusing instead on larger swing states. But critics argue similarly that candidates will pay even less attention to less population-dense areas and instead focus their attention on urban areas with large numbers of voters.
15 states have already adopted the National Popular Vote, contributing a total of 189 electoral votes. These states include Maryland, New Jersey, Illinois, Hawaii, Washington, Massachusetts, Washington D.C., Vermont, California, Rhode Island, New York, Connecticut, Colorado, Delaware, and New Mexico.