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Different states are each applying their own unique strategy towards reopening the economy. California is expected to start its second phase of reopening the economy starting on Friday, according to abc 7. Workplaces and other spaces that will be able to reopen include, non-essential manufacturing facilities, schools, childcare facilities and curbside pickup at retail businesses. Some states are strictly enforcing a quick reopening of the economy. In Oklahoma, workers that refuse to come to work from fear of becoming infected by the coronavirus can be reported and have their unemployment benefits terminated.

"This is a very positive sign and it has happened for only one reason: the data says it can happen," Governor Gavin Newsom of California said. "But we recognize as we begin to modify ... possible community spread will occur. If that is the case, and we don't have the capacity to control that spread, to track that spread…we will have to make modifications anew."

The private sector is preparing for the reopening of the economy and changing business practices to adhere to each state’s differing social distancing guidelines. Macy’s plans to open all 775 of its locations by the end of June and Barclay’s is redesigning office space to allow social distancing while continuing to keep most employees working from home.

Reopening the economy is a risky move and only one that is being considered viable since most Americans still feel isolated from the pandemic. Known deaths from the coronavirus are said to currently have infected 1 in 5,800 Americans, according to Slate. Current infection and fatality rates of the coronavirus means that the odds predict most don't know someone who has died from the coronavirus. In order for each American to known someone who has had the coronavirus, 500,000 people need to have died from the virus.

Bill Gates has emphasized that in order for the economy and society to return to pre-pandemic conditions, an effective vaccine needs to be developed and as many as 14 billion doses must be produced and distributed, according to Business Insider. Additionally, Gates emphasized that the timeline for developing such a vaccine can vary between 9 months and 2 years. This timeline emphasizes the reality that the economy will not be completely stalled until the development and distribution of a vaccine.

Instead, policymakers and others are putting thought into how the economy can reopen while prioritizing the safety of workers. Some have emphasized the need for expanding childcare as a needed social service that will facilitate the reopening of the economy. Parents will not be able to return to work if there are no summer camps or alternative childcare services available, according to CNN. As the economy reopens, some parents might forgo work due to a lack of childcare. This demonstrates the intricate patchwork of policies that are needed to reopen the economy successfully.

"Covid-19 has taught us a lot of things, but one critical thing it's showed us is how important child care is to a functioning economy," said Frances Donald, chief economist and head of macro strategy at Manulife Investment Management.