"Approximately 44 percent of American adults report knowing someone who has been shot and nearly 25 percent report that they or someone in their family have been threatened or intimidated by someone using a gun," according to Everytown Research, which also reports that: "Approximately three million American children witness gun violence every year."
The Washington Post reported in December that more than four million children endured lockdowns during the previous year, a total greater that the populations of Maine, Rhode Island, Delaware and Vermont combined, adding that "even when there is no gunman stalking the hallways, the procedures can inflict immense psychological damage on children convinced that they’re in danger."
"The sudden order to hunker down can overwhelm students, who have wept and soiled themselves, written farewell messages to family members and wills explaining what should be done with their bicycles and PlayStations." - The Washington Post
"People who are impacted by gun violence may experience stress, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)," according to bradyunited.org , explaining that: "The effects of this harm extend not just to survivors but also to witnesses, bystanders, neighbors, and all those who love them."
"We’ve heard stories of children in impacted communities sleeping in tubs to avoid bullets fired at night. Mothers under stress are giving birth to babies with lower birth weights. Children can’t even go to the library because their streets aren't safe, further putting them at a disadvantage in school." - bradyunited.org
And according to Pew Research: "A majority of U.S. teens fear a shooting could happen at their school, and most parents share their concern."
"Researchers conservatively estimate that gun violence costs the American economy at least $229 billion every year," according to the Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, adding that: "Half of these costs are borne by U.S. taxpayers."
According to the The Urban Institute:
"In the neighborhoods where gun violence surges take place, they significantly reduce the growth of new retail and service businesses, leading fewer local jobs to be available for neighborhood residents and fewer local establishment available for residents to shop at. And, housing values appreciate more slowly."
But the costs of violence are not evenly distributed.
Rising gun homicide and assault rates in recent years "have hurt underserved communities of color particularly hard," according to CDC findings reported by Giffords, explaining for instance that: "In 2017, black men made up less than 7% of the population, but accounted for more than half of gun homicide victims."
Giffords also points out that "data shows that states with smart gun laws save lives and funds. Wyoming, with the nation’s highest rate of gun deaths, also bears the highest gun violence costs per capita of any state: gun violence costs Wyoming around $1,400 per resident every year, twice the national average."
Infographic st top: bradyunited.org