Researcher: No evidence found for fortifying schools

Studies call for a comprehensive approach to maintain safety.

A comprehensive review found no programs or practices with evidence that hardening schools reduced gun violence, according to a researcher at Ball State University.

“To the extent that schools adopt ineffective firearm violence prevention measures, they are creating a false sense of security."

Politico reported last year that research "suggests that simply fortifying schools — whether through the presence of armed officials or beefed-up security — does little to reduce the likelihood of school shootings and is not nearly as effective as identifying threats and intervening early to address them."

The Associated Press released results of a new poll this week:

Complete poll results:

A Washington Post database found that over the past 20 years: "more than 226,000 children at 233 schools have been exposed to gun violence. At least 143 children, educators and other people have been killed in assaults, and 294 have been injured."

"Most everyone agrees that schools can be more secure with layers of protection, such as perimeter fencing, limited entrances, and classroom hiding spaces," according to

According to the National Education Association: "Research and experience consistently shows that a comprehensive approach is needed for school safety programs."

Mother Jones reported on a CNN town hall on school shootings last year:

Now: "Communities across the country are starting to spend the first of nearly $1 billion over 10 years that Congress designated a year ago to improve school safety," according to

Some other examples of "hardening:"

Photo: Sandy Hook sidewalk memorial, 2012, via Wikipedia.