São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro Compared

Mr. Beat is a social studies teacher who specializes in making history and geography more engaging

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Mr. Beat compares and contrasts the two largest cities in Brazil: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. #geography #brazil #rio #sãopaulo #riodejaneiro

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Produced by Matt Beat. All images/video by Matt Beat, found in the public domain, or used under fair use guidelines. Music: "Sunshine Samba" by Chris Haugen.

Sources/further reading:

Creative commons credits:

By ABC paulista - File:SaoPaulo MesoMicroMunicip.svg by Raphael Lorenzeto de Abreu, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index...

Odair Faléco odair_faleco

AHLN

Daniel Basil

Wilfredor

Alexandre Breveglieri

Mariordo (Mario Roberto Durán Ortiz)

Governo do Estado de São Paulo

Hamilton B Furtado

dany13

FlaviaC

Felix Tansil

Pierre André

Lima Andruška

Rio de Janeiro, aka just Rio, and São Paulo often called SP

The two largest cities in Brazil. Heck, with a metropolitan area population of 21.3 million people, São Paulo is the largest Portuguese speaking city in the world, the second largest city in the entire Southern Hemisphere and 12th largest in the world overall. It’s actually part of an even bigger São Paulo Macrometropolis, which has about 31.5 million people. Geez. Rio de Janeiro, with a metropolitan area population of 13 million people, is the fourth largest city in the Southern Hemisphere and 37th largest city in the world.

About 437 km, or 272 miles apart, or a five and a half hour drive by car, the Brazilian government recently postponed plans to build a $9 billion high speed rail line connecting the two cities that would reduce the trip to just 80 minutes because it would cost...you know…$9 billion.

Don’t be fooled...even though they seem to be hiding down there in the southeast corner of Brazil, both are megacities that dominate the economy and culture of the entire country. Both are near the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Ok, well Rio is right on the coast, and SP is about an hour from it.

Rio de Janeiro is the capital city of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Well hey what a coincidence because São Paulo is the capital city of the state of São Paulo.

Citizens in Rio are often called Cariocas, while citizens of São Paulo are often called Paulistanos or Paulistanas.

Both cities are located in the rugged area known as the Brazilian Highlands, an area filled with cliffs, large hills, and mountains. Both are near the Serra do Mar, a system of mountain ranges that go along the coast.

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