While it's undoubtedly true that cities and towns are set apart from nature, you may still find all kinds of creatures in urban environments, which range from mice and rats to cockroaches and bedbugs, to skunks as well as red foxes. Learn about the 10 most urban animals across western Europe and the USA.
Rats and Mice
The reason so many cities are infested with rats and mice is that these rodents are extremely opportunistic. All they need to survive is a little food, a little heat, and a tiny amount of shelter to thrive and reproduce (which they do in vast numbers).
Often called"rats with wings," pigeons live by the hundreds of thousands in metropolises as far-flung as Mumbai, Venice, and New York City. Centuries of adaptation to habitats have made them scavengers of food. In fact, the single best way to decrease pigeon populations is to secure food waste. The next-best is to dissuade little old ladies! For instance, they aren't carriers of bird flu, and their immune systems that are highly-functioning keep them relatively free of disease.
There's an urban fantasy that, if there's ever a worldwide war, cockroaches inherit the earth and will survive. That isn't quite correct. A roach is just as susceptible to being disappeared in a burst as a human that is cowering, but the simple fact is that cockroaches can flourish in situations that would render creatures extinct. Some species can live for a month without air, and an roach can subsist on paste on the back of a postage stamp.
Of all the animals on this list, raccoons may be the most deserving of the bad reputation. These mammals are known carriers of rabies, and their habit of squatting in the attics of houses that were occupied raiding garbage cans, and occasionally killing outdoor cats and dogs doesn't exactly endear them even to humans that were kind-hearted. Part of what makes raccoons so well-adapted to habitats is their sense of touch. Complex locks can open . They learn how to overcome any obstacles in their way, when there's food involved. Raccoons do not make good pets. As smart as they are, they are unwilling to learn commands, and good luck getting your newly-adopted raccoon to peacefully coexist with your fat tabby. There are many funny videos caught with peoples home security systems on youtube of these creatures breaking into things around their home, especially trash bins.
Unlike mice and rats, however, urban squirrels are generally considered to be cute. They eat nuts and plants, instead of scraps of human food, and aren't ever discovered darting across the floor or infesting kitchen cabinets. One truth about squirrels is that these animals didn't migrate into their own accord, to cities across america, in search of food. They were deliberately imported into various centers in the 19th century in an effort with nature. For example, the reason there are so many squirrels in the Central Park of New York is a small population was planted there in 1877. This exploded into the hundreds of thousands.
Rabbits are in between mice and squirrels on the urban aggravation scale. On the positive side, they are undeniably cute. So many children's novels feature bunnies that are adorable, there is a reason. On the downside, they have a predilection for the things that grow in yards. This includes not just carrots, but other vegetables, and flowers. Think twice before bringing them indoors, if you find a rabbit nest with young. It's possible that their mother is just away out finding food. Also, wild rabbits can be carriers of the infectious disease tularemia, also known as"rabbit fever."
Humans have coexisted with bugs since the beginning of culture, but no single insect (not even lice or mosquitoes) has increased more human hackles than the common bedbug. More widespread in U.S. cities from coast to coast, bedbugs reside in mattresses, blankets, sheets, and pillows. They feed biting at their victims at night. Nevertheless, one shouldn't underestimate the stress that could be imposed by a bedbug infestation. Bedbugs have become more common since the 1990s, which may be the effect of well-meaning legislation against pesticides in urban areas.
Red foxes are available all across the hemisphere, but they're most common in England -- that is Nature's way of punishing the people for centuries of fox hunts. Unlike some of the other animals on this list, you are unlikely to find a fox in the city that is profound. These carnivores do not especially enjoy thick, noisy traffic or enormous, close-set buildings. Foxes are found in the suburbs, where, like raccoons, they scavenge from garbage cans and occasionally raid chicken coops. There are probably over foxes in London alone. While red foxes haven't been domesticated, they will sometimes allow themselves to be petted, and do not pose danger to people.
Together with foxes seagulls are an English phenomenon. Over the past couple of decades, seagulls have relentlessly migrated to the interior, where they learned to scavenge from garbage cans and have taken up residence atop office buildings and houses from the coastlines. By some estimates, actually, there may now be equal numbers of"urban gulls" and"rural gulls" in the United Kingdom, with the former increasing in population and the latter decreasing in population. As a rule, the two gull communities do not like to mix. In many respects, the seagulls of London are like the raccoons of New York and other U.S. cities: intelligent, opportunistic, quick to learn, and possibly aggressive to anyone who gets in their way.
You understand why skunks fascinate so many grade-school kids? Because so many grade-school kids have actually seen skunks -- maybe not in a zoo, but near their playgrounds, or even in their front lawns. While skunks have penetrated into deep urban areas -- if skunks were numerous in Central Park as pigeons, imagine! -- they are generally encountered on the fringes of civilization, particularly. You might imagine this is a major problem, but skunks rarely spray humans, and then only if the human behaves foolishly. The bad news is they can be carriers of rabies, and therefore transmit this disease.