Bullying is repeated, continuous, over a long period of time by one person or group of people towards another. Attacks can be verbal, physical or psychological. In Europe, about one in ten students experience this kind of violence on a daily basis with consequences and consequences such as injuries, bodily marks from fights or dangerous games; or less visible: difficulty concentrating, sleep problems, low self-esteem. The harassed child will isolate himself slowly because his comrades do not support him, and the adults are not very present. Guilt, shame can lead to either violent social behavior or withdrawal and dropping out of school.
Bullying No Longer Stops At School Grids
Cyberbullying is a new phenomenon that is gaining momentum. The definition and the responsibility of the harassment changes: on the Internet one can humiliate someone quickly, grouped and indirect (without addressing the victim). This takes place outside of school. Who is responsible? This new trend dangerously increases the chances of harassment, but also the devastating impact on the victim that can lead to suicide.
This Violence Can Be:
· Verbal (insults, mockery, taunts);
· Nonverbal (grimaces, obscene gestures);
· Psychological (spread of rumors, isolation process);
· Physical (blows, threats).
The Dynamics Of School Bullying
School bullying is different from other forms of harassment (professional or family) in that it is (almost) always a group phenomenon.
The stalker needs witnesses, laughs, spectators.
Harming and hurting only matters in the eyes of others.
Peers can be:
Supporters (assist the harasser in his actions)
Outsiders (say nothing)
Defenders (interpose and / or take care of the victim)
The 3 Characteristics of School Bullying
Repetition: violence is repeated, reproduced, reiterated over a long period of time making the infernal child's life for days and days.
The relationship of domination is imposed insincerely. There is an abuse of power, a taking of power from one child to another. The aggression is made of a student "stronger" against a pupil more "weak" or having difficulties to defend themselves in this situation; or a group against an isolated student; or the older ones against the younger ones.
The intention to harm : the "game" that is not initially malicious or offensive, becomes it when the process settles in the duration. The aggressor deliberately intends to harm even if it almost always pretends that it is a "simple game", "it's for fun".
Who Is Harassed?
There is no criterion for becoming the target of harassment. Anyone can aim because ALL can be used as an excuse.
Anyone can be harassed, for anything and everything, based on any criteria: too smart, too big, too small, too thin, too big.
School bullying is violence and, like anyone who suffers permanent, repeated, sustained and unplanned (and therefore uncontrollable) violence and threatens their ego (their personal construct), this person is in a state of chronic stress. On college essay writing service, I found one article with definition of bullying: "... when the child is exposed repeatedly and in the long term to negative actions by one or more students" (Dan Olweus, 1999)
· Dan Olweus, estimates that a teenager harassed at school is four times more likely to have suicidal thoughts than another youth.
· Loss of self-esteem
· School divestment and a drop in school results
· Psychosomatic diseases
· Physical injuries
How Do You Recognize A Harassed Child?
The symptoms are the same as those of a post-traumatic stress: child fleeing, avoiding, worried, insomnia, anxiety ... The body speaks: either statufié, rigid, or it cracks.
Reviviscences (Or Rumination):
· Repetitive and intrusive memories of the event
· Distress or physiological reactivity when exposed to stimuli associated with the traumatic event
Cognitive And Emotional Alterations:
· Persistent and exaggerated negative beliefs about self, others or the world
· Trend to blame
· Persistent negative emotions (fear, horror, anger, guilt, shame)
· Decrease of interest in activities
· Sense of detachment from others
· Restrictions of positive emotions
Children present these signs more or less strongly and some may stand out more than others following the personalities. It is necessary to look at the intensity of a symptom and the concomitance of the symptoms.
Any abrupt change in the adolescent's behavior must question the people who supervise the children.
These symptoms are not those of an adolescent crisis (contact impossible in the case of harassment).