Both natural processes and human activities cause climate change. Naturally, the earth has faced changes in the climate as a result of its inclination, orbiting, and rotation. Volcanic eruptions have also contributed to the same. The interaction of the greenhouse gases and the sun’s rays results in the greenhouse effect.
Global warming has caused imbalances and alterations in most countries. According to the Climate Leadership Council, it results from unsustainable and irresponsible actions by human beings with natural and environmental resources.
Below are the things that you need to know currently about climate change.
Rise In The Global Temperatures
Over the years from the 19th century, the average temperature of the surface of the earth has risen to nearly 0.9 degrees Celsius (1.63 degrees Fahrenheit). There has been a change in the atmosphere that gets driven by the increase in emissions made by humans and carbon dioxide. You should be aware that the majority of the warming has been taking place for the past 35 years.
Since 2010, the years that have followed have been the warmest in comparison with the past years. 2016 has been the warmest year so far, where most of its months recorded a higher temperature than all the other months and years in history. The months from January to September, excluding June, recorded a higher temperature than before.
The oceans have increasingly absorbed the heat from global warming. The warming on the surface of the oceans has increased since the year of 1969. Close to 2,300 feet or 700 meters of the ocean depth grew warmer by temperatures that exceed 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit.
Decreasing Sheets Of Ice
The Antarctic and Greenland have a cover of a vast mass of ice sheets. As a result of global warming, the ice sheets are shrinking over the years. Information from Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment from NASA indicates that ice, which averages 286 billion tons were lost yearly by Greenland between 2016 and 1993.
Yearly, Antarctica loses ice close to 127 billion tons. Over the decade, the rate at which Antarctica loses its ice has been tripling. The melting has endangered the life of animals that majorly survive in icy conditions such as the Polar Bears. The fusion has also lead to an increase in the water level in rivers, oceans, and seas. Ice skating has also been affected by the shrinking.
Retreat Of Glaciers
Most glaciers in the world are retreating. The mountains in the Alps, Andes, Africa, Alaska, and the Himalayas have recorded a massive decline in their glaciers. Furthermore, snowcaps in most mountains, including Kilimanjaro, are disappearing.
All these have to get attributed to the increasing temperatures in the atmosphere. The rising temperatures are a result of human and natural activities. These activities release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, thus increasing the temperatures.
In recent years, snow cover’s decrease got recorded in the Northern Hemisphere. The decline is evident during the spring season. Snow in this area is melting earlier as compared to the last 50 years. All these are as a result of global warming, which has caused climate change.
The snow decrease in snow capped mountains has led to a decline in the number of tourists visiting these areas.
Rise In The Sea Levels
In the last century, the level of the seas rose to close to eight inches. The sea rise rate is alarming — the rising results from an increase in the melting of ice in the mountains. Additionally, the melting ice masses in Antarctica and Greenland have increased the amount of water in the oceans and seas.
More high-temperature occurrences are increasing in the United States Of America. Concurrently, low-temperature phenomena have been decreasing from 1950. Additionally, intense rainfalls get recorded in most parts of the world in recent years.
Global warming has caused climate change, which has adversely affected the ecosystem. Immediate intervention is urgently required.