To coup or not to coup? Venezuelan Parliament Power Grab Confuses Everyone

The opposition-controlled National Assembly refuses to recognize President Maduro's new term

Today was a classic day of magical realism on steroids in Venezuela. Less than 24 hours after Nicolas Maduro was sworn in as president for a second term, the opposition-led parliament refused to recognize his legitimacy, and declared their own president and interim government. Then the whole thing got confusing.

Seconds after the tweets were sent , the Organization of American States (OAS) chief, Luis Almagro, who has aggressively and obsessively attacked the Maduro government for years, declared his full support for National Assembly president Juan Guaidó as 'interim president', and also said he had the support of the international community and Venezuelan people.

As the information went viral, Venezuelans began wondering if a coup was evolving against Maduro. But before the ink was dry on Guaidó's self-declaration as 'interim president' (opposition-business leader Pedro Carmona also self-declared himself 'president' during the brief coup d'etat against Hugo Chávez in April 2002. Seems to be a thing amongst the Venezuelan opposition), the infighting began and his own party, Voluntad Popular, said the statement was a mistake.

Guiadó also backtracked on proclaiming himself 'president' and said he couldn't do it without the support of the people and the military. He called for mass protests against Maduro on January 23.

A group of powerful nations in Latin America, including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and Paraguay, as well as Canada and the United States, have rejected Maduro's second term, declaring him an illegitimate president.

More from the LA Times:

The head of Venezuela's opposition-run congress said Friday that he's prepared to step into the nation's presidency temporarily to replace Nicolas Maduro, whose inauguration has been rejected as illegitimate by most countries in the hemisphere.

National Assembly President Juan Guaido made the statement to an energized crowd blocking a busy Caracas street a day after Maduro's inauguration to a second term.

“Guaido for president!” the crowd chanted. “Out with Maduro!”

But Guaido said he'd need support from the public, the armed forces and the international community before trying to form a transitional government to hold new elections to replace Maduro.

“The constitution gives me the legitimacy to carry out the charge of the presidency over the country to call elections,” Guaido said. “But I need backing from the citizens to make it a reality.”

The head of the Organization of American States, Secretary-General Luis Almagro, wasn't waiting. He sent out a tweet recognizing Guaido as Venezuela's interim president. “You have our support,” Almagro said in a tweet.

Guaido asked Venezuelans to mass in a nationwide demonstration on Jan. 23, a historically important date for Venezuelans — the day when a mass uprising overthrew dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez in 1958.

The constitution assigns the presidency to the head of the National Assembly if Maduro is illegitimate.

But the overall military so far has remained firmly behind Maduro, despite some reports of small-scale attempts at revolt.

A once-wealthy oil nation, Venezuela is gripped by a growing crisis of relentless inflation, food shortages and mass migration.

The announcement is a daring challenge to the socialist leader, who has rejected criticism of his reelection and whose government has imprisoned many leading critics. Maduro accuses the United States and local foes of plotting a coup.

Seventeen Latin American countries, the United States and Canada denounced Maduro's government as illegitimate in a measure adopted Thursday at the Organization of American States in Washington.

In May, Maduro declared victory following an election that his political opponents and many foreign nations consider illegitimate, in part because popular opponents were banned from running and the largest antigovernment parties boycotted the race.

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